Florina

History
The ancient name of the area was Ligistida from the mythical hero Ligea or from the mammal Lynx, which lives in the larger area of the mount Varnoudas.

In 352 B.C. Phillip II of Macedonia, builds Iraklia at Ligistida, which will become a fortress against the Northern and Southern enemies of Macedonia. Famous was the Ligistida class, in other words the military group of Ligistida people.

On 14th century the Islamized slave talking people of Illyria, are using the name Chlerina or Flourida for the region of Florina, where the historian Kantakouzinos reports the name Flerinon or Cherinon.

In the period of Turkish rule, Florina is mentioned more than 35 – 40 times in documents (firmans) of sultans, viziers and local lords by the name Filorina or Florina, written in Turkish and Greek.

In 1822, small rebel forces are active in the area of Kaimaktsalan and Ostrove and capture the narrow passage of Arnissa and Vora. At that time, Florina had a lot of small rebel groups at Klidi, Kelli, Pisoderi, Trivouno e.g.

In 1897 Captain Kottas, the first Macedonia rebel, with the nickname “Eagle of Korestia”, establish a rebel force against the Turks and Bulgarians.

In 1904, Pavlos Melas arrives in the larger area of Florina and Kastoria, signalling the final stage of the Macedonian struggle.
At 7th of November 1912, after 527 years of slavery, Florina is liberated from the Greek Army.

During the course of First World War, thousands of ally soldiers in Florina, people of all nationalities, race and religion, unleashed a winning attack against Bulgarians and in 18th of September 1916 and recapture Florina, which was occupied by the enemy for one month.

During the Second WW, the first victory of 1940 was celebrated by ally forces at Florina front, specifically at Prespes and Korestia. A great hope was not only the restraint of Italian military forces at the borders, but on 1st of November 1940, the heroic 33rd Infantry Regiment, with a counterattack, advanced more than 10 Km, liberating a lot of villages of Macedonia.
In 6th of April 1941, Germans infiltrate and then occupy the area. During the German Invasion, many villages are burnt and many citizens of Florina were executed by the Germans, as retaliation.

In 1st of November 1944, ELAS liberate Florina. After a couple of years, Civil War started (1947 – 1949), during which, at 12th of February 1949, the “Battle of Florina” took place. This battle marked the beginning of the end fro the Civil War.

Source  www.cityoflorina.gr

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